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Visa sekundära tillhörigheter = Secondary relation

Taxonomisk information

Art: Crassostrea gigas - japanskt jätteostron

Dyntaxa taxon-id 249392
GUID urn:lsid:dyntaxa.se:Taxon:249392
Taxonstatus Accepterat
Konceptdefinition The Portuguese oyster Crassostrea angulata and the Japanese oyster Crassostrea gigas were described as distinct species with widely separated geographical origins - southwestern Europe and Japan respectively. In the 1970's C. gigas was introduced to the Atlantic coast of France in order to restore oyster farming affected by a disease of C. angulata, and it became evident that the two species could hybridize (Menzel, 1974, Huvet et al., 2004) and therefore were treated as synonyms (Huber, 2010). During the recent years, however, several genetic studies based on mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite data have provided evidence that the two taxa are genetically distinct although closely related (see overview in Batista et al. 2005). Particularly, an average of 2.3% difference in CO1 sequence suggests that populations of C. gigas and C. angulata may have diverged several hundred thousand years ago (Hedgecock et al., 2004). Studies involving microsatellite markers have shown that there are low but clear genetic differences between the two taxons. From all recent studies, it seems clear that the European C. angulata was introduced in the XVI or XVIIth century from Taiwan, and can be recognized genetically from C. gigas introduced later from Japan. Nevertheless the relationship of both taxa in intermediate locations remains to be elucidated. Lapègue et al. (2004) reported characteristic haplotypes of both C. gigas and C. angulata occurred in a population from northern China locally known as C. talienwhanensis Crosse, 1862; this could either mean that both species are distinct but overlap ranges, or that all those haplotypes are to be found in a single, geographically variable species. Considering this state of the art, C. angulata and C. gigas are listed here separately but qualified as very closely related and still possibly conspecific.
Kategori (rang) Art
Småart Nej
Vetenskapligt namn Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793)
Trivialnamn japanskt jätteostron
Synonymer Magallana gigas (Thunberg, 1793); Ostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793
Delvisa synonymer (pro parte) -
Felanvändningar (auct.) Crassostrea angulata (Lamarck, 1819)
Klassificering Rot Biota, Rike Animalia, Stam Mollusca, Klass Bivalvia, Underklass Pteriomorphia, Ordning Ostreoida, Familj Ostreidae, Släkte Crassostrea
Svensk förekomst
Svensk invandringshistoria
Skapades 2008-10-14 (Oskar Kindvall)
Senast uppdaterad 2018-03-12 (Johan Liljeblad)

Rekommenderade namn

Vetenskapligt Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793)

Svenskt japanskt jätteostron

Andra språk

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Synonymer

  • Vetenskapligt: Magallana gigas (Thunberg, 1793) [Homotypisk]
  • Vetenskapligt: Ostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793* [Homotypisk]

Delvisa synonymer (pro parte)

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Felanvändningar (auct.)

  • Vetenskapligt: Crassostrea angulata (Lamarck, 1819)

Taxonomisk hierarki (klassificering)

Övriga tillhörigheter

Tidigare tillhörigheter

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Närmast underliggande taxa

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Antal underliggande taxa

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Referenser

Taxonomi

Namn Årtal Titel Användning
Hansson, Hans G. 2008 MESS - Marina Evertebrater från Södra Skandinavien (Marine Invertebrates from South Scandinavia) - a teaching aid for students. Marina syd-skandinaviska "evertebrater", ett naturhistoriskt urval. Web-upplaga mars 2008. http://www.tmbl.gu.se/staff/HansGHanssonP.html Källa

Identifierare

Dyntaxa taxon-id: 249392

GUID: urn:lsid:dyntaxa.se:Taxon:249392

  • Nationalnyckelkod: marin mussla
  • GUID: urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140656